Leadership style is not determined like choose what kind of style is suitable after try a variety of different styles, but it should be based on the specific circumstances of members’ needs and organizational challenges, and then make the choice of a particular style.

Daniel Goleman describes the six different leadership styles. The most effective leaders can continue to convert these styles, and choose most appropriate style to respond to the needs of a particular moment.

1. Visionary

Leading by vision. This style is like “come with me”. It works best when changes require a new vision, or when a clear direction is needed.

2. Coaching

Leading through advice. This style focus on the development of individual members. It requires leaders to help members improve their performance, and connect between the individual members’ goal and the organization‘s objectives.

3. Affiliative

Leading through relationship. This style emphasizes that creating a harmonious environment for teamwork through mutual communication between members. Enhance team relationship, improve morale, enhance communication and rebuild trust.

4. Democratic

Leading by agreement. This style takes advantage of members’ knowledge and skills, and to achieve the team commitments. When the direction of the team is not clear, this style is the most effective, while the team leader will need to select the wisdom of their team members.

5. Commanding

Leading by force. This is the “military” style leadership classical model – probably the most frequently used style, but often the most ineffective. Because it contains very little praise to employees, and combat morale and job satisfaction. Only when an emergency occurs, this style is effective.

6. Pacesetting

Leading through example. This kind leader sets high standards for performance. One sentence to describe this style is “Do as I do”. To get quick results from a highly motivated and competent team.

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